In March 5th 1770 a black patriot named Crispus Attucks was the first to give his life in the fight for freedom against the British. One hundred years later in 1870, five years after the end of slavery, black patriots where serving in the U.S. Congress. Sen. Hiram Revels, Joseph H. Rainey, and Jefferson F. Long were members of the 41st Congress. The following year, 1871, saw four more blacks (Robert B. Elliot, Robert C. De Large, Benjamin S. Turner, and Josiah T. Walls) joined Joseph H. Rainey in the 42nd Congress. [These men are depicted in the logo for Freedom’s Journal Magazine].